Back to the DMMSP93 Workshop


European Co-operation in Science,

Technology and Education

Silesian Technical University, Gliwice
October 20, 1993

TECHNICAL PROGRAMME OF THE SPECIAL DAY

8.30 Opening session

Opening address by the General Chair
Wilibald Winkler, Chancellor of the Silesian Technical University

Welcome address by Zygmunt Frankiewicz, Mayor of the City of Gliwice

Greeting address and presentation of the programme by the special session chair
Klaus Woelcken, CEC, Brussels

9.00 Session 1: Co-operation in different perspectives

1.1. Co-operation in Science and Technology, the challenge for European researchers
Klaus Woelcken, DG XIII, CEC, Brussels

1.2. Co-Operation in Science and Technology, a view from Warsaw
Wladyslaw M. Turski,
Warsaw University

1.3. Co-operation in the fields of electronic design automation and information technologies, a view from Moscow
Valery M. Mikhov, State Committee on Higher Education of the Russian Federation, and Institute of Operating Systems, Moscow, Russia, Gennadii A. Sarychev, State Committee on Higher Education of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

10.45 Coffee break


11.15 Session 2: Examples of successful projects

2.1 Algorithms for future technologies
Jan van Leeuwen, Utrecht University

2.2 Case study; Co-operation within the VLSI Design Training Action EUROCHIP
Augustin Kaesser, German National Research Centre for Computer Science, (GMD), St. Augustin

12.30 Lunch

14.00 Session 3: How to make a proposal and run a project

3.1. Experience and guidelines for the management of collaborative projects in CAD
Gordon Adshead, Manchester Design Technology

3.2 How to make a proposal? - General guidelines for organizations planning to submit proposals for projects in RTD-Programmes of the EC
Anno Jordan, German Aerospace Research Establishment, National Point of Contact

15.45 Coffee break

16.15 Anno Jordan cont'd

17.00 Closing

17.30 Welcome cocktail at the City Hall of Gliwice

18.30 Departure for Cracow from "Sezam" hotel

Invitation dinner in Cracow at the Holiday Inn hotel


Round table discussions

Round table discussions on problems relevant or even critical for co-operation will be organized. We plan discussions on: "Main obstacles in building effective EAST-WEST co-operation", "EUROCHIP,

how to participate" and "Future of this event". Based on participants proposals further topics will be announced at the workshop.

OPEN FORUM

An OPEN FORUM session will be organized at the workshop to allow for some additional important addresses. The tentative programme of the session is to be found on page 16. The final programme will be announced on site.


CO-OPERATION IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,
THE CHALLENGE FOR EUROPEAN RESEARCHERS

Dr. Klaus Woelcken
Commission of the European Communities
DG XIII, Rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 Brussels

The European Community has a long tradition of joint programmes in Research and Development in various scientific disciplines. These programmes have been mainly dedicated to organizations within the Member States, many of these programmes are operated and supported by the Commission of the E.C.

To date the enhancement of co-operation in science and technological development between researchers in Central and Eastern European Countries and those in the European Community has become of high importance on priority subjects to intensify the process of transition in Europe. Pilot activities have been launched since reforms started in the central and eastern region to explore the specific needs and to establish co-operation.

For a number of these actions a survey will be presented. Information on specific exploratory projects will be included as well as the series of more general pilot schemes for co-operation in Science and Technological Development which started in 1992.

Beyond the discussion of the intention of activities the presentation will focus on experiences of those involved during the early phases of co-operation.

Klaus Woelckenreceived a diploma and a PhD from the University of Giessen (Germany) in Low Energy Nuclear Physics. He changed his research direction to Information Technology when this emerged into a scientific discipline in Europe.

In the early seventies he joint the staff of Gesellschaft fuer Mathematik und Datenverarbeitung (GMD) at Bonn and worked on a variety of issues, including:

- Computer Graphics,
- Operations of large computer centres,
- Services for the structuring and co-ordination of scientific programs and projects of GMD.

A specific task was the development of the German scheme to facilitate the national Universities with means to improve the training of students to design and test Very Large Scale Integrated circuits (VLSI). The scheme, 'Entwurf Integrierter Schaltungen - E.I.S.', was funded by the German Government and a Service organization was build at GMD.

To explore the possibilities for a wider scheme on European level, Woelcken was invited to the Commission of the European Community to develop and organize the ESPRIT VLSI Design Training Action - EUROCHIP which is now in operation since 1989.

In 1992 Woelcken organized the evaluation of proposals for Co-operation in Science and Technology between organizations of the Community and of Central and Eastern European Countries.

To date he is involved in Esprit's Basic Research activities and he monitors scientific relations - in particular in the field of Information Technology - between Western and Eastern research institutions.


CO-OPERATION IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY,
A VIEW FROM WARSAW

Prof. Dr hab. Wladyslaw M. Turski
Institute of Informatics, Warsaw University
ul. Banacha 2; 02-097 Warsaw, Poland

The presentation will address following issues:

- EC funding for research in Eastern and Central Europe (ECE): aid or investment?

- Why the existing patterns of EC funding fail to meet local needs in ECE?

- How to make a more effective use of available means?

- Research information infrastructure: how to establish and maintain it?

Wladyslaw M. Turski (born 1938 in Cracow) graduated from Lomonosov University (Moscow) with M.Sc. in Celestial Mechanics (1960). He was granted a Ph.D. in 1962. For eleven years W.M.Turski worked in the Polish Academy of Sciences on a variety of problems ranging from space computations to design of compilers and operating systems. In 1963 he was the first computer scientist from Eastern Europe to present a paper in the USA (at an ACM Annual Conference). W.M. Turski was the Secretary of IFIP Working Group 2.1 (Algol) and became a Founding Member of the Working Group 2.3 (Programming Methodology). In 1972-77, as the Director for Software and Applications in Mera IMM (Polish Computer Manufacturers Trust), he managed several large scale industrial developments.

Since 1977 W.M. Turski is a Professor of Informatics at Warsaw University, where he teaches programming methodology. In 1982-87 he was a Visiting Professor at the Imperial College (London). W.M. Turski's research interests concentrate around mathematical principles of software. He has published four monographs, two textbooks and numerous research papers. In 1981 W.M. Turski was elected the first ever President of the Polish Society for Information Processing, in 1989 a Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society and in 1991 a Foreign Member of the Royal Academy of Engineering.


CO-OPERATION IN THE FIELDS OF ELECTRONIC DESIGN
AUTOMATION AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES,
A VIEW FROM MOSCOW

Prof. Valery M. Mikhov1,2, Dr. S. Gennadii A. Sarychev1

1 State Committee on Higher Education of the Russian Federation
2 Institute of Operating Systems, Russia
103498, Moscow, Zelenograd
Moscow State Institute of Electronic Engineering

The research in the field of EDA in the Russian Universities started in the mid 60's. To date the full set of the CAD tools and integrated systems have been developed which support all stages in the design flow of digital systems and ASIC's.

Changes in social and economic situation in Eastern Europe and, as a consequence, cutting of the State budget support of science and education and defence industry conversion have led to a severe crisis in some fields of engineering, which are exposed to the brain drain, including EDA. Now there is tremendous disengaging of intellectual potential and man-power resources (more then 4000 people only in EDA) in Russia.

Today the Russian government and new commercial enterprises are unable to ensure employment for these specialists.

There are several ways to organize international collaboration now:

- engaging the Russian specialists in R&D under European programs (JESSI, ESPRIT, EUROCHIP);
- inviting the Russian scientists and engineers by leading European companies for joint development of the new generation of CAD tools;
- carrying out R&D in EDA by joint groups of specialists from the Russian and European universities;
- exchange of students, post-graduate students and scientists.

The information technologies are one of the main directions of technological cooperation between Russian universities and universities, scientific organizations and firms in EC countries in frameworks of European programs. Main directions of cooperation are at present:

- development of the newest technologies of manufacturing of "chips" (program EUROCHIP);
- creation of new software;
- organization of joint centres of information technologies (program TEMPUS).

The broadest co-operation within the framework of Europe-wide programs on the given directions is developed with universities of Moscow (Moscow Institute of Electronic Engineering, Moscow State Technical Univ., Moscow Power Engineering Institute), St.-Petersburg (St.Petersburg State Univ., St.Petersburg State Academy of Aerospace Instrumentation, St.Petersburg State Technical Univ.), Novosibirsk (Novosibirsk State University).

As perspective directions of development of cooperation it is possible to allocate:

The development of new types of software with use of making components, which wholly and completely consist of software;

Development and manufacturing of devices for local information networks;

Development of software for the decision of applied problems in the various areas of science.

Valery Mikhov

1975 Master of Science- Moscow State Technical University
1980 Ph. D. - Moscow State Technical University
1981-1984 Head of CAD Dept.- Angstrom
Project leader of full automatic ASIC layout system
1984-1992 Associate Professor-CAD IC Dept. Moscow State University of Electronic Engineering
1987-1988 Visiting Researcher-Herriot-Watt Univ. Edinborough, UK
1992-pres Director - Institute of Operating Systems

More than 60 publications in VLSI CAD, Silicon Compilers and Concurrent Engineering.


ALGORITHMS FOR FUTURE TECHNOLOGIES

Prof. Jan van Leeuwen
University of Utrecht, Dept. of Computer Science
Padualaan 14, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands

In 1992 the algorithms research groups at the universities of Bratislava, Budapest, Prague, Warsaw, Bordeaux, Saarbruecken and Utrecht started a three-year project dedicated to the study of algorithms for future technologies (Project ALTEC). The central theme of the research work is the development of an algorithmic basis for parallel and distributed computing and the use of it in the specific context of combinatorial optimization problems. An impression will be given of some ongoing research work and cooperations in the project. The ALTEC project is made possible by a grant from the EC to stimulate the cooperation between Central/Eastern- and Western European research groups.

Jan van Leeuwen (b.1946) received his Ph.D. degree in Mathematics from Utrecht University in 1972. He held positions in computer science at the University of California at Berkeley, at the State University of New York in Buffalo (NY), and at the Pennsylvania State University. In 1977 he was appointed at Utrecht University, where he is now Full Professor and Head of the Department of Computer Science.

Jan van Leeuwen has published extensively on varied aspects of the design and analysis of algorithms, ranging from datastructuring and computational geometry to distributed algorithms. His interests cover a wide spectrum of research in theoretical computer science, including areas like datastructuring, graph algorithms, parallel and distributed computing, and complexity theory, with occasional excursions into formal methods for computing and other fields that are amenable to theoretical modeling and algorithmic analysis. He was Managing Editor of the prestigious 2-volume Handbook of Theoretical Computer Science (Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, 1990). He served on many program committees of workshops and major European conferences in (theoretical) computer science. He was coordinator of ESPRIT Basic Research Action 3075 (project ``ALCOM'' on algorithms and complexity) and is presently coordinator of EC Cooperative Action IC-1000 (project ``ALTEC'' on algorithms for future technologies).


CASE STUDY; CO-OPERATION WITHIN THE VLSI DESIGN
TRAINING ACTION EUROCHIP

Augustin W. Kaesser
German National Research Centre for Computer Science (GMD)
Institut for System Design Technology
Schloss Birlinghoven, P.O. Box 1316, D-53731 St. Augustin

The EUROCHIP programme, launched by the Commission of the European Communities to support the universities participating in the Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Design Training Action in the framework of ESPRIT Basic Research, was established 3 years ago to increase the quality and the number of students trained in VLSI design throughout Europe. Today, about 300 universities and polytechnics are involved in EUROCHIP. The Action is coordinated by a Service Organization which was formed by five leading institutions: CMP in France, DTH in Denmark, GMD in Germany, IMEC in Belgium, and RAL in the UK. A EUROCHIP Secretariat has been set up at GMD to take care of the administrative needs of the Service Organization.

After a set-up phase the Action was opened for academic institutions of Central and Eastern countries as well. Up to now, 16 universities and polytechnics from Poland, Hungary, Romania, Czech and Slovak Republics are participating, some of them via TEMPUS cooperation projects. Industry standard Computer Aided Design (CAD) tools and prototype fabrication routes have been made available and are supported to provide relevant training. EUROCHIP also provides design kits, CAD support and has established - after basic training courses have been held to become familiar with the different software packages - an advanced training programme tailored to the needs of the universities to train the teachers. An exchange programme for CAD tools which have been developed by academic institutions, has meanwhile been set up, and the first three software packages have been distributed to interested institutions.

A low-cost Pan-European Multi Project Wafer (MPW) service is provided. EUROCHIP organizes this MPW service with frequent runs in a wide range of technologies including analog and digital Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS), Bipolar CMOS and Gallium-Arsenide. The technology base will be continuously updated and advanced processes added to fulfill the actual and future requirements of the academic customers. More than 1000 designs have already been fabricated in the last 3 years. A yearly EUROCHIP workshop (this year s workshop took place some weeks ago in Toledo, Spain), regional meetings and the exchange of email/faxes between the academic institutions and the service centers are the main communication paths between the partners. The EUROCHIP fellowship programme as part of the Human Capital and Mobility programme gives young researchers the opportunity to visit a university with a track record in the chosen field to gain experience from senior researchers and trainers which will enable them to establish relevant education after their return at their university.

Many universities have acquired a high degree of experience in the design of Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) during the last 3 years through the EUROCHIP programme which puts them in an excellent position to cooperate with the local SMIs (Small and Medium Industries).

Therefore, the EUROCHIP support service has been expanded to help universities and Microelectronic Centers to cooperate with local industry and to train SMIs. Increased use of ASICs via this EUROCHIP SMI support service will help develop the market for silicon suppliers, design houses and CAD vendors, and will make the SMIs more competitive as new markets are entered with new products in new technologies.

Augustin W. Kaesser, joined the Gesellschaft fur Mathematik und Datenverarbeitung (GMD), the publicly funded German national research centre for computer science, in 1973. Since 1983, he is responsible for the support of German universities for the design of integrated circuits.

In 1989, he became Chairman of the Executive Board of EUROCHIP, the service organization of five leading European institutes, which runs the ESPRIT VLSI Design Training Action, sponsored by the Commission of the European Communities (CEC). Previously, he was involved in the professional administration of the Data Processing Support Programs of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, both for GMD and the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology. In 1966, he received his Dipl. Ing. degree in Communication Engineering from the Technical University of Karlsruhe, and worked several years in industry on the development and application of computers for process control.


EXPERIENCE AND GUIDELINES FOR THE MANAGEMENT
OF COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS IN CAD

Gordon Adshead
Manchester Design Technology, Beaumont House, Goodrington Road
Handforth Cheshire SK9 #AT England

There are many many reasons why some projects are more successful than others. This presentation focuses on the main hurdles that have to be crossed in order to formulate and present a good project. Experience gained in various aspects of a number of national and international collaborative projects will be described with a view to giving more insight into the areas of the selection of partners and the generation of project goals and milestones.

Gordon Adshead worked at ICL for 30 years, mostly in the fields of technology VLSI and Design Automation. For many years he built up and managed the corporate DA organization, and became involved in many national and international joint ventures. He has been concerned in advising funding bodies such as ALVEY and ESPRIT on the creation of collaborative programmes and the subsequent reviewing and assessment of project proposals.

He has proposed and managed joint projects of widely different characteristics. He is a member of several international committees, and has taken an active involvement in conferences, workshops and CAD standards. He is a member of the Eurochip Steering Board. Currently he operates as an independent consultant to government and industry and is still involved in monitoring and reviewing collaborative projects. As a keen participant in the CAVE workshops, he was involved in leading and reporting on four working and brainstorm sessions concerning the problems of successfully managing and exploiting the results of collaborative projects.


HOW TO MAKE A PROPOSAL?
- GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR ORGANIZATIONS PLANNING
TO SUBMIT PROPOSALS FOR PROJECTS
IN RTD-PROGRAMMES OF THE EC

Anno Jordan
DLR (German Aerospace Research Establishment),
National Point of Contact,
Linder H-he, 51147 Cologne, Germany

Since 1989 DLR coordinates as German National Contact Point (NCP) EC research programmes in the area of information and communication technologies on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Research and Technology (BMFT). Within its activities the NCP's primary task is to disseminate information and offer advisory services to industrial enterprises, universities and research institutions on all questions regarding submission of proposals and on project management.

Based on the experience gained during the past years the NCP succeeded to identify mistakes frequently made in the formulation of proposals and to assist potential proposers in structuring and focussing their project proposals. In all research programmes the consideration of certain guidelines and criteria is regarded as helpful since this enables the experts in the evaluation process to quickly locate the main features of the respective project proposal. By taking into account these guidelines and criteria the danger of misunderstandings will be reduced and thus the mainly decisive factor for accepting or rejecting a project proposal will be the technical and scientific contents of the project being planned.

Main points of emphasis in the project description are:

- Project Summary
- Technical Description
- Project Management
- Workplan and
- Project Deliverables & Milestones
- Exploitation Plan

There may be slight differences in the ranking of these points which are depending on the respective research programme and the project type. Furthermore the composition of the consortium and the correct interpretation of the relevant evaluation criteria are important as well.

Apart from the above remarks, as a general rule the guidelines laid down in the relevant INFORMATION PACKAGE shall always be applied. This Information Package will be issued by the Commission of the EC for each Call for Proposals in a research programme.

Anno Jordan studied experimental nuclear physics at the University of Cologne. Till 1990 he worked at the Institute of Nuclear Physics in the field of atomic K-shell ionization processes in heavy-ion collisions and the computer simulation of energy-loss spectra of ions in gas detectors. At the same time (1986 till 1990) he worked freelance in a medium-sized software consultancy and was responsible for software maintenance and customer advisory services in the field of juridical application programmes. In 1991 he joined DLR and since then he has been working as programme coordinator of the ESPRIT programme. In this function he gives advice to German RTD managers about the principal steps necessary to prepare promising project proposals in EC Research & Development Programmes.


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