BENEFIT Panel on
Systems Engineering in CEE countries
EMSYS'96, Berlin, 23-25 Sept. 1996

The Current State and Perspectives of the Microprocessor Based Technologies in Ukraine

Anatoly Melnyk,
Lvivska Polytechnica
State University
12 Bandera Street
Lviv, Ukraine

Georg-Simon-Ohm-Fachhochschule Nürnberg,
Nürnberg, Germany

Today Ukraine confidently proceeds the way to an open democratic and market society. A radical restructuring and reorganization of industry takes place. Scientific and industrial enterprises in the areas of information and telecommunication play an important role in this transition process.

Still existing highly professional scientific groups and powerful telecommunication enterprises undergo serious changes. These are mainly the computer and informatics institutes of the Academy of Science, the bunch of telecommunication scientific research institutes and the industrial enterprises of Minmashprom (Ministry of Machine Building, Military and Industrial Complex and Conversion of Ukraine), and the research groups and institutes of the universities.

Beside the governmental enterprises, a network of small enterprises with different forms of ownership, after an intermediate activity in "buy and sell products", is entering up-to-date computer and information technologies doing own developments in this field. Achieving the modern level of microprocessor based technologies and integration into the world´s information infrastructure are the main problems for all those enterprises. In a first attempt, it is necessary to aim at a modern microelectronics industry and modern technologies in systems engineering.

In the past and to large degree at present, scientific projects and industrial enterprises depend on manufacturers of simple microprocessors located in the republics of the former USSR namely Russia, Belorussia and Lithuania. These components do not correspond to the up to date level. Many more even do not correspond to the current level of microprocessor components produced by Ukraine enterprises. Among the main enterprises in Ukraine are " Kvazar" in Kyiv, "Gamma" in Zaporizja and " Rodon" in Ivano-Frankivsk.

These enterprises manufacture digital integrated circuits similar to members of the families SN54, SN74, SN74AS, HE4000, i8080, FAST, i8086, i8051, i80C196 and i80C86. Additionally these enterprises manufactured the memory chips 132 and 185 (both 1 kbit static RAM), 556 (4 kbit PROM), 568 (ROM), 573 (256 kbit UV erasable PROM), 1609, 1611, 1626 (16 kbit EPROM) as well as programmable logic 1515 (up to 1.5 k gates), 1545 (up to 3 k gates), UA01-XM3 (up to 10 k gates).

Production of microprocessors like the i386 and FPGAs like those of Altera was planned. However, the development and production of these new component families stopped because of lack of financial resources.

Presently it is possible to buy components abroad from such world leaders as Intel, Advanced Micro Devices, Texas Instruments, Motorola or Analog Devices. FPGA from Xilinx and Altera also are available on the domestic market.

In new projects, the designers apply:

Because Ukraine microelectronics manufacturers capable to produce ASICs and contacts with foreign ASIC manufactures do not exist, as formerly was the case with enterprises in Zelenograd, Minsk, Voronesch and Riga, technologies for systems engineering are poorly developed in Ukraine.

Among the most widespread CAD-tools available in Ukraine are:

Nearly all of these facilities are PC bsed. Workstations from Hewlett Packard and SUN are in use by only a very small number of enterprises. A few use VHDL in simple versions.

At the same time in the above mentioned areas theoretical and practical work is performed. The number of papers submitted by Ukraine scientists to international conferences grew during the last years. A lot of scientific groups started to cooperate with colleagues from abroad either in joint projects of international scientific programs or in direct contracts. Education of specialists is carried out on up to date levels in the universities.

The Open Microprocessor Initiative (OMI) may play an important role in the development of microprocessor system technologies in Ukraine. Among the major tasks OMI may be helpful in the following areas:

One example in the direction of the list above is mentioned briefly. A short paper on VHDL in the CAD/CAE-literature created a contact between the "Lviv State University" and the "Georg-Simon-Ohm-Fachhochschule Nürnberg". Joint activities have been initiated based on an agreement of cooperation. Theoretical work and results achieved by Ukraine partners are combined with state of the art resources in ASIC design available at the German counterpart location. Currently design work using VHDL is in progress which aims at prototype manufacturing in the near future. More projects in the field of non-classical computer architectures are in preparation and will start as soon. The first short term exchange of personnel has been funded by sponsors and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). Future cooperation on a broader scale however requires funding for a longer period. Ukraine and German partners intend to conform to the OMI standard when available.

Short CV of Anatoly Melnyk may be found here.