|Abstract. The Vladimir Region is characterized by presence of a great number of conversion enterprises. The region possesses a great scientific potential, which is concentrated in enterprises, industrial research institutes and universities. For organizing a through technological chain from scientific ideas up to their industrial realization, the creation of small firms, which are specialized in competitive goods, is needed. The Vladimir Innovative-Technological Centre is built up on purpose of activating of creating such firms and supporting them at their opening stage of existence. As for Vladimir State Technical University it starts the preparation of specialists, who could start the organization of small high technology firms.|
1. ECONOMICAL AND INDUSTRIAL CONDITION OF THE
The Vladimir region is one of the most important industrial regions in Russia, in which there are practically no nature resources, except wood, peat and some kinds of raw stuff for building materials industry, so the industry is mostly processing. Different machine-building enterprises, plants producing electronic devices, chemical, glass plants, enterprises of light and food industry are situated in the region. Historically the industry development of the Vladimir region was oriented on the needs of the military complex. At present because of the blunt decrease of military orders many enterprises have to accomplish the conversion of their production, that is a partial or total transition on output of the production of civil purpose.
Vladimir State Technical University (VSTU) as other Universities, situated on the territory of the region, prepared specialists for work in the military industry, and also carried out scientific research work in this field. That is why the conversion process in industry reflected on the conversion of universities. During the nearest years system of high education can't expect wide demand for new scientific or construction elaborations and rise of the demand for specialists in military industry.
Conversion of the military complex led to:
There is undeveloped market of scientific and technical production in the region. The situation is characterized by the following factors:
Conversion process taking place in High Education is to consider from two points of view:
In creation of Vladimir Ennovative-Technological Centre (VITC) as an instrument of economical development of Vladimir and the Region, public and private institutes were interested in. They are:
During the creation of the Center, German consultants helped within
consulting program of FRG government "TRANSFORM". The
development of the Center activities is based on cooperation with
the Technological Center of Dortmund and the Innovation Incubator
2. GOALS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE VLADIMIR INNOVATIVE-TECHNOLOGICAL
The Vladimir Innovative-Technological Center is an instrument for development of economy in the region with positive influence on the process of reconstruction of economy in Vladimir, as well as in the Vladimir region.
The main task of the VITC is the creation of adequate conditions, which helps innovative and technological companies functioning on the first stage to realize their business ideas as products and services.
The results of these activities must be followings:
Thus, VITC is a place of concentration of new firms, first of all technological firms. It will be a place where science and technique will be developed and will be a practical partner in the transfer of technologies.
The Center provides beginning firms with the support in important areas of development and application of modern technologies and innovative services, first of all related with:
VITC suggests a wide spectra of services for firms included in VITC, as well as for other firms and corporations situated nearby VITC. Areas of VITC's services:
The given list of services takes into account concerns of the
firms included into the Centre and other firms situated near the
Centre. Realization of these proposals is the aim of management
of the VITC. The VITC management uses facilities of its partners
and organizers when it is needed.
3. FIRST STEPS AND PROBLEMS
Practical work in creation of the VITC started in June of 1995 by developing of the conception. An active role was played by German experts from Dormunt and Berlin, who have good experience of creating and leading of techno-parks and technological centres. Before the official registration of the VITC, the Vladimir Administration gave the rooms for Centre office. German partners bought office equipment for this office. In april 1996 the VITC was officially registered. The Region Administration gave space to place offices of new small firms which are supported by the Centre.
The VITC and the Regional Undertaking Support Centre prepared draft local law about privileged taxation for new small high technology firms. It provides for delay of tax payment for four years. This project is being investigated by Legislative Council of the Vladimir Region.
The VITC started producing of video advertisement of production of small firms and distributing it in other territories of Russia. Having extensive contacts with scientific organizations and industrial enterprises the VITC suggests consulting of competent specialists for new firms.
There was uncovered principal difference of corresponding conditions
in Russia and Germany whose experience was taken into account
when VITC was being organized. In Germany expenses connected with
privileged services supported by a technological centre are compensated
by the state. This model is not practicable in Russia and VITC
is forced to earn money to cover the expenses itself. So, there
is necessity to investigate new additional means, such as privileged
taxation to stimulate high technological companies. The absence
of systematic education in the field of innovative activities
is also problem.
4. TRAINING OF STAFF FOR INNOVATIVE ACTIVITIES
The VSTU starts organization of training of specialists in business and undertaking connected with science achievements. New self-financial department is established for this purpose in VSTU.
The VSTU has an experience of training of the personel for undertaking activities. The Interregional Centre of VSTU carries out training by order of the Regional Centre of Employment. Business College of the VSTU trains specialists in marketing and management using Russian-British programes. There are chairs of corresponding profile (Management, Economy and Organization of Manufacture, Jurisprudence) and teachers having experience of training students of different specializations.
The expected result of the project will be the first graduators for companies, enterprises and organizations of the Vladimir region. Next leads in training are accepted:
There are no any other Universities on territory of the Vladimir region which carry out analogous training. Invitation of foreign teachers and experts is planned in the future to add the programe by information about international co-operation. Graduators of the Department will be able to establish new companies by support of Vladimir Innovative-Technological Centre.
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